Friday, September 20, 2013
Why might 'the college' be dying?
Eric Schmidt seems to think that the college is a 'slow dinosaur', on its way to extinction. This is somewhat counter-intuitive, given that more students are going into Higher Education than ever before and the promise of skills, when jobs are disappearing fast, is the only hope that the working class has. In fact, one can argue that the modern society stands at the back of the college - the hope of social mobility that it provides - and without it, there will be no social order.
One way to think about this is that for too many people, this is turning out to be a false promise. The college does not lead to redemption, as it is promised to be; it rather leads to the same old place in the social pecking order, now made a bit more difficult and a bit more expensive to achieve. For all the talk of becoming a sentient being and developing a critical consciousness, going to college means turning out huge debt and becoming prudently conformist thereafter.
Of course, in sunny California, Schmidt does not say what he says with pessimism: He believes that the nature of knowledge has changed, or, it has become dis-intermediated. Which means, to know, one does not need to go anywhere: They just need to have a willingness to know, and a critical mind to know what to believe. The college, in its stupefying current format, kills of precisely the abilities one needs to survive in this world of freely-accessible knowledge: Willingness to know goes out of the window after the boring, pointless years spent in classrooms, and critical mind is sacrificed at the altar of the diploma paper (or the degree).
But, this second view presupposes the first, even admits it. While some may see the half-full glass, the other, empty, half isn't going away. The colleges all over the world is still spinning the mid-twentieth century dream of social mobility through education, whereas life has moved on. The fact that there is only so much room at the top has been exposed: The career escalator is now jammed, as Linkedin founder Reed Hoffman says. One career lifestyles are history, and the college hasn't had a twenty-first century update. This is why it is now out of place, with its out-of-date premises, false hopes and nonexistent benefits.
So, how did the places of learning fail to learn themselves? They have stopped being learning places for a long time, perhaps when the self-organising learning communities were expropriated in the service of the modern state. One could argue that the universities changed over time, but it is possible to argue that this change came as they sold their soul: The welfare state didn't sustain, but rather destroyed them - in making the false promise to its citizens about a kind of rags-to-riches mobility that was never going to be.
So, here is my thesis: That college is long dead. The kind of ideal that the apologists of the college talk about may only exist in rarest of places, if that. The rest of the institutions have been devoured by the march of welfare state. We may twist the story today and blame the colleges of navel gazing, and indeed some of that goes on, but that's the essential nature of bureaucratic institutions as they have become, drawing their justification from their being themselves within the bewildering changes in the social context where nothing could hold, and everything must continually shift.
The college today a bureaucratic parapharnalia of an elaborate higher education system, which sells dreams of social mobility to the multitude, but delivers willing slaves to the twin prison of production and consumption. Not choice and opportunity, but it is designed around a fixed view of life and success, based on our grandparents' formula: and, as the party gets over for Consumer Capitalism, the college is as redundant as the dinosaur.
As the jobs shift and lives change, college diploma will no longer be the marker of competence and ability. The way it is going, it may soon denote silly conformity and lack of initiative. Ivan Illich may have seen this a long time coming: We are finally getting to de-school the society as the nature of what we do fundamentally transforms. Self-organising learning communities are coming alive, not just in MOOCs, but on YouTube, TED and Meetups, and people there are doing something they don't do in college anymore - learning.
A friend has recently forwarded me a quote from Lord Macaulay's speech in the British Parliament on 2nd February 1835. I reproduce the...
Introduction : The Business of Gift Giving Business gift giving has always been common and contentious at the same time. Business gifts are ...
Seventy years on, the Republic of India is now at one of those crossroads when its foundational ideas are being questioned. Its middle c...
Indian IT is in a crisis, or so the newsmen claim. A string of layoffs, some at very senior level, and the new and proposed visa meas...
In India, people demand that there should be more universities. Why, they point out, India has only 600-odd universities, whereas United S...
There are two reasons why I am writing this post, which is really a retake of an earlier post - Should Britain Apologise? - which I recen...
I am finally onto a project I always wanted to do: Write a history of the Colonial Universities. Indeed, I start with a very modest ...
Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax That the Board of Control of East India Company, the parliamentary body supervising the affairs of ...
I wrote a post yesterday on the 'crisis' of the Indian IT industry . My essential point in this was that while the Indian media se...
University making in India is entering a new phase. The rushed expansion of the Higher Education system is perhaps over, with many of thos...
How To Live
"Far better it is to dare mighty things, to win glorious triumphs even though checkered by failure, than to rank with those poor spirits who neither enjoy nor suffer much because they live in the grey twilight that knows neither victory nor defeat."
- Theodore Roosevelt
- Theodore Roosevelt
We shall not cease from exploration
And the end of all our exploring
Will be to arrive where we started
And know the place for the first time.
- T S Eliot
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.